Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering.
Robotics, design, construction, and use of machines (robots) to perform tasks done traditionally by human beings. Robots are widely used in such industries as automobile manufacture to perform simple repetitive tasks, and in industries where work must be performed in environments hazardous to humans. Many aspects of robotics involve artificial intelligence; robots may be equipped with the equivalent of human senses such as vision, touch, and the ability to sense temperature. Some are even capable of simple decision making, and current robotics research is geared toward devising robots with a degree of self-sufficiency that will permit mobility and decision-making in an unstructured environment. Today’s industrial robots do not resemble human beings; a robot in human form is called an android.
Robotics develops machines that can substitute for humans and replicate human actions. Robots can be used in many situations and for many purposes, but today many are used in dangerous environments (including inspection of radioactive materials, bomb detection and deactivation), manufacturing processes, or where humans cannot survive (e.g. in space, underwater, in high heat, and clean up and containment of hazardous materials and radiation). Robots can take on any form but some are made to resemble humans in appearance. This is said to help in the acceptance of a robot in certain replicative behaviors usually performed by people. Such robots attempt to replicate walking, lifting, speech, cognition, or any other human activity. Many of today's robots are inspired by nature, contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
Science-fiction author Isaac Asimov is often given credit for being the first person to use the term robotics in a short story composed in the 1940s. In the story, Asimov suggested three principles to guide the behavior of robots and smart machines. Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics, as they are called, have survived to the present:
1. Robots must never harm human beings.
2. Robots must follow instructions from humans without violating rule 1.
3. Robots must protect themselves without violating the other rules.
There are many types of robots; they are used in many different environments and for many different uses. Although being very diverse in application and form, they all share three basic similarities when it comes to their construction.
Same mechanical construction
Computer programming code
Advantages of Robots
They Increase Production
They’re More Accurate than Humans
They Make Fewer Mistakes
They Reduce Wastage
They’re More Reliable than Humans
They Can Work 24/7
They Save Time
They Don’t Complain
They Help Out In Surgery
They’re Easy to Understand
They’re Fast Too
They Can Do the Heavy Lifting
They Can Do the Dangerous Work
They Can Do the Dirty Work
They Can’t Say No (Yet)
They Save Money
They Can Do the Dull Stuff
They’re Fast Too
They Represent Human Progress
They Create New Jobs for People
They Prevent Human Accidents
They’re Useful in Warfare
They Map Disaster Zone
They’re Central to Future Growth and development.
Disadvantages of Robots
They Lead Humans to Lose Their Jobs
They Need Constant Power
They’re Restricted to their Programming
The Perform Relatively Few Tasks
They Have No Emotions
They Impacts Human Interaction
They Require Expertise to Set Them Up
They’re Expensive to Install and Run
They Mean Staff Need Retraining
They’ll Cause Possible Class Divides
They Cause Cybersecurity Issues
They Pose Potential Physical Danger from Malfunctions
They Might Make Humans Overreliant On Robotic Help
They May Reduce Human Capabilities
They Might Take Over the World
Robotics plays vital role in society.You can guarantee that they’ll be a major part of society in future too. Heck, one day they might even rise up and overthrow us.Until then, though, we can enjoy the many advantages of robots on offer, while keeping a close eye on the disadvantages of robots too!