Software developers are the creative minds behind software programs, and they have the technical skills to build those programs or to oversee their creation by a team. They create software that enables users to perform specific tasks on computer devices.
Those tasks might involve playing a game, watching a movie, writing a business letter, or building a spreadsheet. Specialized software is created or customized for virtually every profession, industry, and government department.
Software Developer Duties & Responsibilities
Developers can work in systems software or in applications such as those for mobile devices, but their duties are similar in many cases.
Develop and test software to meet consumers' and clients' needs.
Develop upgrades for existing applications.
Monitor quality and performance of applications through testing and maintenance.
Document all work for future reference.
Software Developer Skills & Competencies
A few qualities and skills can help you become successful as a software developer.
Creativity and innovation: Yours should be the minds behind new software capabilities, even when others say it can't be done.
Interpersonal and communication skills: You won't be working in a void. This job often involves collaboration with a team, and you'll have to be able to concisely and clearly communicate instructions to others.
Analytical skills: You'll have to match improvements and creations to users' and clients' needs.
Concentration and focus: Software development involves numerous and minute interlocking pieces. You can't be prone to distraction if you want to be successful.
Softwares/ Important Programming Languages
Although there are a variety of programming languages for software development, aspiring developers will be well-served by mastering four essential languages: Java, Python, C++, and Scala.
Java: Java is a general-purpose programming language designed to work on a variety of platforms. For example, it is a popular coding language for the internet, because webpages are accessed by different types of devices. Java is also a popular choice for Android smartphone application development.
Python: Python is a high-level object-oriented programming language, which makes it an excellent choice for web and application development. It’s relatively simple and has a unique syntax that emphasizes readability. According to the Python Software Foundation, Python programs generally run slower than Java programs but are three to five times shorter than an equivalent Java program. This type of code is commonly used to develop websites and web applications.
C++: C++ is an object-oriented language that can be used for both high-level and low-level functions. It has an intermediate difficulty level and can be used for everything from displaying video game graphics to extracting data from large data sets. This universal programming language works on all types of operating systems and can be used to develop any type of software.
Scala: Scala is a newer programming language starting to gain popularity. Compared with Java and C++, it’s relatively easy to learn. According to a recent Lifewire article, “Scala can often be written in a fraction of the number of lines required to write an equivalent function in Java. This has a productivity benefit in allowing developers to do more functional work in a given workday. Fewer lines of code make for easier